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By Shankara Bharadwaj Khandavalli

There are four Upavedas: Dhanurveda, Gandharvaveda, Ayurveda and Arthasastra. Some schools hold Sthapatyaveda as the fourth Upaveda instead of Arthasastra.

  • Dhanurveda is the science of warfare.
  • Gandharvaveda is the study if aesthetics and it speaks of all art-forms like music, dance, poetry, sculpture, and erotica.
  • Ayurveda is the science of health and life.
  • Arthasastra deals with public administration, governance, economy and polity.
  • Sthapatyaveda relates with engineering and Architecture.

All these sciences/arts are discussed not just from their technical perspective (though that is primarily done), but also as a means to transcendence.