Difference between revisions of "Vikalpa"

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The word Vikalpa has several senses. It's different inference as per varied theories is as follows:
 
The word Vikalpa has several senses. It's different inference as per varied theories is as follows:
* When manas or the mind is defined as that part of the antahkaraṇa<ref>Antahkaraṇa means inner organ.</ref> which is responsible for saṇkalpa and vikalpa, the word vikalpa stands for doubt.
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* When [[manas]] or the mind is defined as that part of the [[antahkaraṇa]]<ref>[[Antahkaraṇa]] means inner organ.</ref> which is responsible for saṇ[[kalpa]] and vikalpa, the word vikalpa stands for doubt.
 
* In a more technical sense, it stands for an alternative or an option.
 
* In a more technical sense, it stands for an alternative or an option.
 
* If a Vedic passage declares that one can offer sacrifice with vrīhi<ref>Vrīhi means rice.</ref> or yava,<ref>Yava means barley.</ref> it is a vikalpa that gives a choice to the sacrificer.
 
* If a Vedic passage declares that one can offer sacrifice with vrīhi<ref>Vrīhi means rice.</ref> or yava,<ref>Yava means barley.</ref> it is a vikalpa that gives a choice to the sacrificer.
* The dharmaśāstras give many vikalpas or alternatives in the performance of certain rituals.<ref>Manusmṛti 3.267</ref>
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* The dharmaśāstras give many vikalpas or alternatives in the performance of certain rituals.<ref>[[Manusmṛti]] 3.267</ref>
* The Yogasutras<ref>Yogasutras 1.9</ref> uses the word vikalpa to indicate that wave of the mind which arises after hearing a word, even though there is no corresponding real object outside. For instance, when we hear the word “Rāhu’s head,” the idea of a head that arises in the mind is a vikalpa because Rāhu<ref>Rāhu is the planet.</ref> has only a head and no other parts of the body.
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* The Yogasutras<ref>Yogasutras 1.9</ref> uses the word vikalpa to indicate that wave of the mind which arises after hearing a word, even though there is no corresponding real object outside. For instance, when we hear the word “[[Rāhu]]’s head,” the idea of a head that arises in the mind is a vikalpa because [[Rāhu]]<ref>Rāhu is the planet.</ref> has only a head and no other parts of the body.
  
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
  
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 06:18, 19 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Vikalpa literally means ‘doubt,’ ‘choice’.

The word Vikalpa has several senses. It's different inference as per varied theories is as follows:

  • When manas or the mind is defined as that part of the antahkaraṇa[1] which is responsible for saṇkalpa and vikalpa, the word vikalpa stands for doubt.
  • In a more technical sense, it stands for an alternative or an option.
  • If a Vedic passage declares that one can offer sacrifice with vrīhi[2] or yava,[3] it is a vikalpa that gives a choice to the sacrificer.
  • The dharmaśāstras give many vikalpas or alternatives in the performance of certain rituals.[4]
  • The Yogasutras[5] uses the word vikalpa to indicate that wave of the mind which arises after hearing a word, even though there is no corresponding real object outside. For instance, when we hear the word “Rāhu’s head,” the idea of a head that arises in the mind is a vikalpa because Rāhu[6] has only a head and no other parts of the body.


References

  1. Antahkaraṇa means inner organ.
  2. Vrīhi means rice.
  3. Yava means barley.
  4. Manusmṛti 3.267
  5. Yogasutras 1.9
  6. Rāhu is the planet.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore