By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Vikramaditya, VikramAditya, Vikramaaditya
Vikramāditya literally means ‘Sun of Valor’.
Tradition and old legends describe a great and heroic king named Vikramāditya who drove away foreigners, built an empire and ruled from Ujjayini as his capital. There were nine great men of learning, generally called the Navaratnas, including Kālidāsa, Dhanvantari, Varāhamihira and Vararuci, in his court under his patronage. Later a few kings of the historical period assumed this name as a title. The Vikramaśaka is reckoned from the year 57 B. C., probably the year of his coronation. This śaka is commonly observed and used in North India.
- These foreigners were Śakas or Huṇas.
- Navratnas means nine gems.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore