Difference between revisions of "Vrtrāsura"

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==Vṛtrāsura, as per Ṛgveda==
 
==Vṛtrāsura, as per Ṛgveda==
The story of Vṛtra or Vṛtrāsura is as old as the Ṛgveda.<ref>Ṛgveda 1.32.5</ref> There, Vṛtra is pictured as the demon of  drought preventing rain-bearing clouds from giving rain. Indra ‘kills’ him with his vajra or vajrāyudha<ref>Vajrāyudha means thunderbolt.</ref> and releases the water.
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The story of Vṛtra or Vṛtrā[[sura]] is as old as the [[Ṛgveda]].<ref>[[Ṛgveda]] 1.32.5</ref> There, Vṛtra is pictured as the demon of  drought preventing rain-bearing clouds from giving rain. Indra ‘kills’ him with his [[vajra]] or [[vajrāyudha]]<ref>[[Vajrāyudha]] means thunderbolt.</ref> and releases the water.
  
 
==Vṛtrāsura, as per Purāṇas==
 
==Vṛtrāsura, as per Purāṇas==
In the purāṇas, he is described as the son of Tvaṣtṛ, created out of sacrificial fire, to destroy Indra who had earlier killed Viśvarupa, the first son of Tvaṣṭṛ. A mistake in the chanting of the Vedic mantra during the pouring of oblations resulted in  Vṛtrāsura becoming vulnerable to Indra’s weapon. Though Vṛtrāsura conquered Indra first, he was later killed by the Indra. Vṛtrāsura was a king named Citraketu in his previous birth. He was a great devotee of Viṣṇu.<ref>Bhāgavata 6.11</ref>
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In the [[purāṇas]], he is described as the son of Tvaṣtṛ, created out of sacrificial fire, to destroy Indra who had earlier killed [[Viśvarupa]], the first son of Tvaṣṭṛ. A mistake in the chanting of the Vedic [[mantra]] during the pouring of oblations resulted in  Vṛtrāsura becoming vulnerable to Indra’s weapon. Though Vṛtrāsura conquered Indra first, he was later killed by the Indra. Vṛtrāsura was a king named [[Citraketu]] in his previous birth. He was a great devotee of [[Viṣṇu]].<ref>[[Bhāgavata]] 6.11</ref>
  
  
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==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
  
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 08:18, 19 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Vrtrasura, VrtrAsura, Vrtraasura


Vṛtrāsura, as per Ṛgveda

The story of Vṛtra or Vṛtrāsura is as old as the Ṛgveda.[1] There, Vṛtra is pictured as the demon of drought preventing rain-bearing clouds from giving rain. Indra ‘kills’ him with his vajra or vajrāyudha[2] and releases the water.

Vṛtrāsura, as per Purāṇas

In the purāṇas, he is described as the son of Tvaṣtṛ, created out of sacrificial fire, to destroy Indra who had earlier killed Viśvarupa, the first son of Tvaṣṭṛ. A mistake in the chanting of the Vedic mantra during the pouring of oblations resulted in Vṛtrāsura becoming vulnerable to Indra’s weapon. Though Vṛtrāsura conquered Indra first, he was later killed by the Indra. Vṛtrāsura was a king named Citraketu in his previous birth. He was a great devotee of Viṣṇu.[3]


References

  1. Ṛgveda 1.32.5
  2. Vajrāyudha means thunderbolt.
  3. Bhāgavata 6.11
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore