From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Jit Majumdar

  1. the knowledge (science) of life
  2. the science of enhancing life
  3. the ancient holistic system of traditional medicine native to the Indian Subcontinent, that synthesizes a metaphysical foundation and approach with natural and physical principles, and encompasses various spheres of health science and medicine such as internal medicine, nutrition, pediatrics, surgery, naturopathy, psychotherapy or psychiatry, alchemy, mind-body therapy, yoga, herbal treatment, toxicology, aphrodisiacs, and sexual health (Sr. Sańhitā / C. Sańhitā).