Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Īśāna literally means ‘One who rules’.

Īśāna, an Apect of Śiva[edit]

Śiva, the third deity of the Trinity, has several aspects. As Pañcānana, he is represented as a five-faced god, out of which īśāna is the first face turned towards the Zenith. This demeanor is the highest aspect. It is also called ‘Sadāśiva’. On the physical plane he represents the power that rules over ākāśa or ether, the sky. On the spiritual plane he is the deity that grants mokṣa or liberation.

Īśāna, a Dikpālaka[edit]

Īśāna is also the name of one of the eight dikpālakas, the guardian-deities of the quarters. Shielding the north-east direction is assigned to him.

Īśāna, a Rudra[edit]

He is also classed among the eleven Rudras of the Vedic pantheon representing the principles of prāṇa or life-force. Sometimes, the Rudras are also listed as eight. Īśāna is one of them. Actually all these are different names of Śiva. Works represent him as Śiva in the human form with four hands. He holds the trident and rides the bull. Īśānī is his consort. She is the same as Pārvatī.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore