Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Deity Aspects of Raṅganātha[edit]

Raṅganātha is an aspect of Viṣṇu. Images of Raṅganātha are invariably in the śayana or reclining posture. Three temples of this deity are at Śrirañgapaṭṭaṇa, Śivasamudra and Śriraṅgam. The first two are in the Karnataka state and the last one is in Tamil Nadu. The deities are known as:

  1. Ādiraṅga
  2. Madhyaraṅga
  3. Antyaraṅga

All the three temples are situated on small islands created by the branching off into two, of the river Kāveri.

Śrirañgapattaṇa Town[edit]

Śrirañgapattaṇa is a small town 13 kms.[1] from the city of Mysore. According to the local legends, the great sage Gautama lived here and was worshiping the Ādiraṅga image. Tirumalayya, a chieftain of the kings of the Gaṅga race built the present temple in A. D. 849 and named the small town as Śrīraṅgapura. The Raṅganātha temple has been built in the Dravidian style of architecture. At the entrance of the navaraṅga[2] there are two big images of Dvārapālakas.[3]

Image of Raṅganātha[edit]

The original image is very beautiful and attractive. The serpent Ādiśeṣa, on whom the deity is lying, has seven hoods. Near the feet of the deity is an image of goddess Lakṣmī and of the sage Gautama. There are two more temples in the town, of Narasimha[4] and of Gaṅgādhareśvara[5] built during the 17th century A. D. Very near Srīraṅgapaṭṭaṇa is the pilgrim center Paścimavāhinī. Here, one of the branches of the Kāverī river flows towards the west[6] for a short distance. Hence it is named so. There are quite a few dharmaśālās[7] catering to the pilgrims who crowd here for the performance of religious rites.


  1. It is approximately 8 miles.
  2. Navaraṅga means open auditorium.
  3. Dvārapālakas means gate-keepers.
  4. Narasimha means Man-lion incarnation of Viṣṇu.
  5. Gaṅgādhareśvara is an aspect of Lord Śiva.
  6. West direction is called as paścima.
  7. Dharmaśālās means choultries.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore