Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate expose the correspondence between textbooks and the colonial-racist discourse. This racist discourse produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Redirected from Arsa-linga)

By Swami Harshananda

Ārṣa-liñga literally means ‘linga pertaining to the ṛṣis’.

Śivaliṅga is one of the most ancient symbols of God that is still being worshiped. Liṅgas have been discovered in other countries also, especially in Mexico and South East Asia.

There are two types of liṅgas

  1. The cala - The movable
  2. The acala or The sthāvara - The immovable

The second one is classified under nine heads. The ‘ārṣa- linga’ is one among them. It is defined as the liṅga set up and worshiped by ṛsis or sages. Ārṣa-liṅgas are usually spheroidal in shape, resembling an unhusked coconut fruit, and do not have the brahmasutra mark on them.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore