Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate expose the correspondence between textbooks and the colonial-racist discourse. This racist discourse produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Redirected from Artha-kriya-karitva)

By Swami Harshananda

Artha-kriyā-kāritva literally means ‘the capacity to produce a useful result’.

Buddha denied permanent reality to anything that is perceived in this world. Later Buddhist philosophers developed this into a regular school called ‘kṣaṇika-vāda’ or theory of momentariness (kṣaṇa = moment).

According to this theory, the criterion for the existence of a thing is its capacity to produce (kāritva) a useful effect (artha-kriyā). From this criterion of existence, it may be deduced that any thing which has existence must be momentary.

For example, if an object is not accepted to be momentary and we want to prove the thought of it lasts for more than one moment, then we have to show that it is capable of producing an effect during each moment that it exists. Since it does not, we conclude that it exists only for a moment.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

Contributors to this article

Explore Other Articles