Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate expose the correspondence between textbooks and the colonial-racist discourse. This racist discourse produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Redirected from Atikrcchra)

By Swami Harshananda

Atikṛcchra literally means ‘extremely difficult’.

Sins (pāpa) and their expiations (prāyaścitta) have been discussed in detail in many of the dharmaśāstras and purāṇas. kṛcchras are one class of prāyaścittas that are often recommended is performed with difficulty and cause a lot of hardship to the performer.

Atikṛcchra is a special expiation of this class. It is said to purify all the sins except the ones listed under ‘mahāpātakas’ and is observed for twelve days. This expiation can be performed as follows:

  • The person who is observing this penance should eat only one morsel of food in the morning for the first three days.
  • During days 4-6, he can eat one morsel in the evenings only.
  • During days 7-9, he is permitted to eat one morsel, provided it is got without asking for it.
  • During days 10-12 he should fast completely.

Some writers like Yājñavalkya allow a handful of food instead of one morsel only.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore