From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Ayuta-siddha literally means ‘existing without conjunction’.

The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika philosophy recognizes two kinds of relations:

  1. Samyoga or conjunction: Conjunction is a temporary phenomenon which will come into existence when two things like two balls moving from opposite directions meet. Since it comes into existence (siddha) when the two are united (yuta), it is called ‘yutasiddha.’
  2. Samavāya or inherence: In samavāya, the relationship is permanent since one inheres in the other. For instance, the whole inheres in the parts (as cloth in its threads), a quality or an action inheres in a substance (as redness in the rose, motion in the moving ball) or the universe inheres in the individuals residing in it (as manhood in men). Here, the two (e.g., cloth and threads or redness and rose) are related without conjunction. This relation exists (siddha) even though there is no conjunction (ayuta) between the entities. Hence it is called ‘ayuta- siddha.’

Samavāya is a relationship of the ‘ayutasiddha’ type.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore