Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda


Origin of worship of Śakti or the Divine Mother has been mentioned in the Ambhṛṇīsūkta and the Rātrisūkta of the Ṛgveda.

One of the early basic texts of the Śakti tradition is the Devīmāhātmya (also known as Durgāsaptaśatī or Caṇḍī). Goddess Kālī emanated from the forehead of goddess Śakti. According to Devīmāhātmya, Kālī killed the two demons Caṇḍa and Muṇda. They both were the generals of the demon king Sumbha. Kālī is described as a fierce goddess, black in color, emaciated and wearing the cheetah skin along with severed human heads. Her mouth and tongue were of immense proportions. She could kill troups of demons at one stroke and could swallow several elephants in a gulp.

Cāmuṇḍā is sometimes included in the list of ‘Saptamātṛkās’ or ‘Seven Mothers’, in the place of Nārasiṅhī. She actually symbolizes the power of time in its all-destroying aspect. The word is also spelt as Cāmuṇḍī.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore