Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Cakraka literally means ‘arguing in a circle’.

An example of a cakraka is the arguments for and against the existence of God as the intelligent Creator:


‘This world was created by an intelligent agent.’


‘Since no intelligent creator in this world is seen without a body, then God also must have a body.’


‘No. You should consider the general sense of intelligent agentship only.’


‘But this is impossible! Give us an example of an effect that is produced by an intelligent agent who does not have a body.’


‘For instance, the shoots of corn growing in the field. They have no intelligent human agent behind them.’


‘Then, how did they grow?’


‘By God’s agency.’

This is ‘cakraka’ or arguing in a circle. Since the concept of God that was sought to be proved was itself given as an answer at the end without proving it. This is one of the defects of logic while trying to prove a point.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore