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From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Ayurveda or the science of life is the first of the four Upavedas or subsidiary Vedas.

Among the extant works on this science, the two that are considered ancient and highly authoritative are:

  1. Caraka Samhitā - The renowned commentaries on this work is Āyurvedadīpikā or Caraka-tātparyadipikā.
  2. Suśruta Samhitā - The renowned commentaries on this work is Bhānumati.

These commentaries were written by Cakrapāṇidatta. He lived in the 11th cent. A. D. and was the son of Nārāyaṇa, an official at the court of the king Nayapāla of Gauḍadeśa. He was trained under the teacher Naradatta. Among his original works, Cikitsāsārasañgraha ranks first.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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