From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
By Swami Harshananda
Caraṇa literally means ‘that by which one moves’.
Usage of Caraṇa
The word ‘caraṇa’ has been used in several senses like:
Caraṇa as per Vedas
In the Vedic terminology, it refers to a branch of the Veda (in a much larger sense) and the group of people who study it. It includes not only the particular śākhā (the branch or recension of Veda traditionally allotted to them for specialization) but also its allied literature like the law-books.
Caraṇa as per Buddhism
In Buddhism it refers to the eight aspects of character like fearlessness and self-control which are fit to be cultivated.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore