Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Redirected from Darujalinga)

By Swami Harshananda

Dārujaliṅga literally means ‘Śivaliṅga made out of wood’.

Unlike the other deities, Śiva[1] is invariably worshiped in the form of a liṅga. A liṅga is an icon, cylindrical in shape with a spherical top.

God is beyond name and form. Since we cannot conceive an abstract principle like him without the aid of concrete symbols, a spherical surface or emblem is perhaps the nearest approach to him. ‘Dāru’ means wood. Liṅgas carved out of wood are called ‘dārujaliṅgas’. They are of the sthāvara or stationary type. The minimum and maximum heights prescribed for such liṅgas are 16 and 144 aṅgulas.[2]

The dārujaliṅgas are classified from 9 to 33 varieties. It depends upon the height of liṅgas. For instance, if the makara-liṅga is 16 aṅgulas in height (the minimum height permitted), the daṇḍaliṅga is 80 aṅgulas and the phalodbhava liṅga is 144 aṅgulas (the maximum permissible height).

Twenty different varieties are recommended from the type of wood out of which it is carved. Some of them are:

  1. Śamī - Prosopsis spieigera
  2. Devadāru - Cedrus deodara
  3. Candana - Sandalwood
  4. Bilva - Aegle marmelos
  5. Aśvattha - Peepul tree
  6. Aśoka - Saraca asoca


  1. Śiva is one of the three aspects of the Supreme, the aspect of involution or withdrawal or destruction of the world
  2. One aṅgula is roughly 1.9 cms. or 0.75 inch.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore