Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.

Dharma sastra-Ānhika prakaṇam-Gaṇḍūṣa

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

The word Gaṇḍūṣa means rinsing mouth. As a part of cleansing process, dharma śāstra had prescribed to perform Gaṇḍūṣa with water. Mainly after passing urine, excretion and completion of meals, Gaṇḍūṣa is said to be performed. There is also specific number of times that the rinsing is to be done.

Apāṃ dvādaśa gaṇḍūṣān purīṣotsarjane budhaḥ | mūtre tu caturaḥ kuryāt bhōjanānte tu ṣoḍaṣa ||[1]

It means that one should rinse their mouth 12 times after exertion, 04 times after passing urine, 16 times after completing meals. It is prescribed that the rinsing of mouth should be done while sitting, i.e. one should not rinse mouth while standing. After rinsing one should spit the water on their left side. Because it is believed that the devatās reside on the right side of vipras.

Viprasya dakṣiṇe bhāge devatāstiṣṭhanti nityaśaḥ | āsīna eva gaṇḍūṣān vāmabhāge visarjayet ||[2]


  1. Vyāsa smṛti, smṛti muktāphalaṃ,
  2. Smṛtisāra, smṛti muktāphalaṃ,