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From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Ekadaṇḍin literally means ‘One who holds a single staff’.


A daṇḍa or a staff is an important insignia of a sanyāsin[1] Among such sanyāsins called ‘daṇḍis’, there are two types:

  1. Ekadaṇḍis - They carry one staff of bamboo to facilitate carrying.
  2. Tridaṇḍis - They carry three staffs tied together to facilitate carrying.


Daṇḍa stands for dama or self-control. Tridaṇḍa stands for control over body, speech and mind. Ekadaṇḍa stands for control over the mind, since it automatically leads to the control of the other two.

Paramahaṅsa Sanyāsi's Daṇḍa[edit]

The paramahaṅsa sanyāsis accept a daṇḍa at the time of taking sanyāsa. It breaks it and discards it in a river, since they are supposed to have attained the highest state wherein they do not need to carry such insignias.


  1. Sanyāsin means a monk.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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