Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Ekamukhalinga literally means ‘one-faced liṅga’.

Śiva is the god of dissolution of the Trinity. He is worshiped invariably in the form of liṅga or an emblem of rounded surface. One of the several varieties of liṅgas is the mānuṣaliṅga. It is a liṅga prepared by human beings as per the directions given in the Āgamas like Ajitāgama and Supra-bhedāgama.


In the mukhaliṅga of this variety, one or more mukhas or faces of Śiva are carved on the pujābhāga.[1] If there is only one mukha, then it is called ‘eka-mukhaliṅga’. It is carved on the round pujābhāga facing the main door of the shrine. It occupies 120 degrees of space. Its height should be more than one hasta or tāla but less than five tālas.


  1. Pujābhāga literally means the cylindrical part seen above the ground.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore