Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate expose the correspondence between textbooks and the colonial-racist discourse. This racist discourse produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.

Gargeswara Swamy Temple

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Redirected from Gargeswara SWamy Temple)

By P.S.Krishnan

As is the normal practice, when Tamil Brahmins moved to East Pallassena, they started looking for a place of worshipa temple. Thus the Siva temple came to existence. The Siva Lingam of the present temple was originally consecrated and worshipped by a Rishi, known by the name, Gargamuniswar and hence the name for our Swamy – Gargeswara Swamy. The original temple was very much below ground level – in a pit. Later, they raised the level to high and reconstructed the temple to the current level. The Ambal of the temple is Kalyana Parvathy. The original stone idol was approximately 5 feet high and with all 'lakshanams'. Later the idol was changed as the original one developed deformity in the stomach region (challa vizharathu). This was predicted in prasnam and the present idol was consecrated in the place of old one, some hundred years ago. The original idol was put in the Grama kulam' the village pond (Sivan Kulam) and remained there till 1957-58. Before the ashtabandha kalasa kumbhabhishekam in 1957 – 58 ashtamangalya prasnam was conducted and they recommended to remove the idol from the village tank as it had some bad effects. In 1957-58 the entire water was pumped out of the Sivan kulam and the idol was retrieved from the tank. It was then taken to Gayathri river and buried there. Till this Kumbhabishekam in 1958 a snake shaped idol as Subramaniaswamy was also being worshipped. During 1957-58 Kumbhabishekam new Subramaniaswamy idol was consecrated and the old idol became Nagar(snake).

Apart from Gargeswarar and Kalyana Parvathi there are other prathishtas like Nandikeswarar,Vigeswarar, Subranmania swami, Nagar, Sastha, Chandikeswarar, navagrahangal (small lingam shaped nine stone pratishtas in inverted “U” Shape near Chandikeswarar) etc are there in the temple.

The temple is constructed in the typical style (Agama vidhi) found in any other Tamil Brahmin agraharam temples. In all Tamil Brahmin Siva temple, if Ambal prathishta is there and when Sivan faces East direction, then Ambal’s prathishta is done facing South direction. In this temple Goddessalso is facing South direction.

In East at Kovil vaasal., a 5 storied stone Deepasthambham is present. Thereafter, when we climb the steps, Kodimaram (Flag post) and Balikallu could be seen. On entering the inner prakaram Nandi mandapam is there. To the left at the South-West corner Ganapathy pratishta is done.

After worshipping Vigneswarar we have to go back to Gargeswara Swamy darshan which is in the center. Then we have to go clockwise to the back of Lord Siva. There in the North-West corner there is prathishta of Subramania swamy, Nagar and Sastha. After that we have to come upto the outlet for abhisheka jalam for prokshanam. There we have to see the Chandikeswarar and Navagrahangal placed in inverted “U” shape (Typical of Kerala temples). From there without completing the pradhakshinam we have to go back to worship Kalyana Parvathi at the North-East corner at Lord Siva’s left side. Here we also worship the Siva-Parvathy uthsava moorthies. In the inner prakaram we should not complete pradhakshinam as is the practice in Siva temples. In the outer prakaram we make three pradhakshinams. In the front side of the Temple we have Arayal thara and Sivan kulam.


On Thulam Masam pournami day Annabhishekam is celebrated in a grand way. Early morning the day starts with Ganapathi Homam. In the morning Thirumanjanam ezhunthalathu (jalam is brought) from Gayathri river with elephant procession and vadhya melangal like chenda, nadaswaram etc. and the abhishekam is done with Vedaparayanam. At about 2.30 -3.00 PM Annam (cooked rice) is poured on Gargeswarar. This is very important and if one views this annam choriyal he is devoid of all sickness. Steps are made and decorated with flowers, fruits, cheeru items like Murukku, Neyyappam, athirasam and many other items. At 4 PM Panchavadhyam and Grama seeveli (elephant procession ) are conducted. Lot of devotees pour in to have Annappadi Darshan. In the evening Thayambaka is an important attraction. Veda parayanam and Kramarchana are chanted. Then the annapadi (Sirasu portion) is deposited in Sivan Kulam. The celebration ends with the night pallacku Kacheri.
Vaikkaththashtami & Thiruvathira
Vaikkaththashtami and Thiruvathira are celebrated and Samaradhana on both days.
Every year Mahasivarathri is celebrated in Kumbhamasam. In the morning rudrabhishekam and Deeparadhana are done. On this day Poornabhishekam is done to Gargeswara swamy in the night with chanting of Rudram eleven times with Chamakam. Kramarchana, Vedaparayanam etc are conducted. Afterwards Pallacku Kacheri and Grama urvalam are done.
In Kizhakke Gramam Sastha preethi is celebrated on the Saturday following Sivarathri every year in Kumbha masam. In Palakkad region the first Sasthapreethi is conducted in Nurani and the last Sasthapreethi at Pallassana Kizhekke Gramam. On this day, after special poojas and laksharchana samaradhana and annadhanam are conducted.
Pradhosham is celebrated regularly with Rudrabhishekam And Vedaparayanam.

Temple Income[edit]

The temple had good agricultural income – 15 Vandi (A cart load-1050 paras) of Paddy was the agricultural income per year. This dried up to nil in 1969 when the Communist ministry headed by Achutha Menon passed the land act. Now the temple mainly depends on the contribution from devotees.

Contributors to this article

Explore Other Articles