Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Gurukula literally means ‘house of the guru’.

In ancient and medieval country education was generally residential. The students had to reside in the houses of their gurus. This gave them more opportunities to learn the sciences and the arts with all the intricacies and secrets. It also inspired them from the lifestyle of their guru.

When the number of students in teacher's houses grew quite large, these houses grew into institutions called ‘gurukulas’. They were maintained by the society, especially the kings and the rich persons, who endowed these gurukulas with sufficient property and funds, so that they could provide quality education, free of cost, to all the students. In these gurukulas, attention was paid to physical welfare and intellectual development of a student. It also enhances the spiritual growth so that the students could develop a wholesome personality.

It was common to find as many as ten thousand students in some of the bigger institutions. Not only out of necessity but also as a good practice, the senior and better-qualified students were made to teach the novices and supervise over their life and discipline. Though punishments for transgressions existed, but they were not very severe. Incorrigible students were expelled to save the discipline and reputation of the institution.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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