From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Jñatṛtva literally means ‘the capacity to know’.

All the six systems of philosophy accept the jīva or the jīvātman as a fundamental aspect of creation and the created world. He has three capacities:

  1. Jñātṛtva - the capacity to know
  2. Kartṛtva - the capacity to perform actions
  3. Bhoktṛtva - the capacity to experience the results of these actions

Hence a jiva is termed as:

  1. Jñātṛ - the knower
  2. Kartṛ - doer
  3. Bhoktṛ - enjoyer or experiencer

These three capacities distinguish him from prakṛti or the insentient nature. Therefore they are termed as a sign of life and consciousness.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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