By Swami Harshananda
Kaśyapa was the son of the sage Marici and Kalā. He was the grandson of Brahmā, the creator. He had married the 13 daughters of Dakṣa and thereby became the father of the:
- Devas - gods
- Asuras - demons
- Yakṣas - demigods
- Nāgas - reptiles
- Other animals
In short, he was the father of the whole creation. Hence, when the gotra (lineage) of a person is not known, he is permitted to say ‘Kāśyapagotra’.
Kaśyapa and Aditi (the eldest wife) took rebirth as Daśaratha and Kausalyā, Vasudeva and Devakī, since they had got the boon from Lord Viṣṇu to be born as their son.
References in Scriptures
The sage Kaśyapa has been mentioned in many scriptures. They are:
It is difficult to say whether all these Kaśyapas are same or different.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore