Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Mārjana Definition[edit]

Mārjana is ceremonially purifying the body by sprinkling water with kuśa grass[1] on specified parts of the body with the repetition of the well-known Vedic mantra ‘āpo hi ṣṭhā’.[2]

Mārjana Ritual[edit]

Sometimes the Gāyatrī mantra along with the three vyāhṛtis[3] and some Vedic mantras are also prescribed to be recited during mārjana.

Sandhyā Ritual[edit]

The sandhyā ritual is also called ‘sandhyāvandana’. It is an important part of the daily routine of every dvija.[4] Out of the several steps involved in its performance, mārjana is also the one.


  1. Kuśa grass means Poa cynosuroides retz.
  2. Ṛgveda 10.9.1-3
  3. They are bhuh etc.
  4. Dvija is a member of the first three castes.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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