From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
By Swami Harshananda
Mārjana is ceremonially purifying the body by sprinkling water with kuśa grass on specified parts of the body with the repetition of the well-known Vedic mantra ‘āpo hi ṣṭhā’.
Sometimes the Gāyatrī mantra along with the three vyāhṛtis and some Vedic mantras are also prescribed to be recited during mārjana.
The sandhyā ritual is also called ‘sandhyāvandana’. It is an important part of the daily routine of every dvija. Out of the several steps involved in its performance, mārjana is also the one.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore