Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Maṇikaṇṭhan Māṇikkavācagar lived in 9th or 10th cent. A.D. If the śivaśaraṇas[1] and the dāsas[2] spread the universal sect of bhakti[3] in Karnataka, the Nāyanmārs and the Ālvārs[4] did the same in Tamil Nadu.

Among the sixty-three Nāyanmārs who were great devotees of Śiva, Māṇikka-vācagar was an important person whose two great works Tiruvāsagam and Tirukkovai are popular even today. Born of brāhmaṇa parents at Tiruvaduvur near Madurai in Tamil Nadu, he became an adept in the knowledge of the scriptures, especially the āgamas. The Pāṇḍyan king, named Arimarttanam, who had heard of his stupendous knowledge and uncanny wisdom as well as impeccable character, appointed him as his chief minister.

Once the king sent him on a mission to purchase imported Arab horses from Tirupirendur. Mānikkavācagar met a great Śaiva saint, who was Śiva himself, received spiritual instructions and utilized the money given by the king for purchasing the horses, to build a temple for Śiva. The king jailed him for embezzlement of funds. But by the grace of Śiva he was released. He resigned being the minister and started roaming about as a minstrel of God. He is said to have defeated a band of Buddhist scholars in public debate at Cidambaram or Chidambaram. Of his two works Tiruvāsagam is autobiographical and reveals his spiritual struggles culminating in spiritual illumination.The Tirukkovai depicts the longing of the soul for Śiva, but using erotic imagery.


  1. Śivaśaraṇas are the servants of Lord Śiva.
  2. Dāsas are the servants of Lord Viṣṇu.
  3. Bhakti means the devotion to God.
  4. Ālvārs are those immersed in the love of God.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore