From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sant Jñāneśvar[1] was the earliest of the saints of Maharashtra who initiated the Bhakti Movement. His elder brother Nivṛttinātha[2] was his guru. Sopāna was his younger brother and Muktābāi, his sister, was the youngest one in the family.

Muktā, as she was fondly known, was considered as an incarnation of Mahāmāyā.[3] She too was a highly evolved saint and was the spiritual teacher of Visobā Khecar and Cāṅgadev.[4] There are a few abhaṅgas[5] in her name.


  1. He lived in A. D. 1275-1296.
  2. He was a disciple of Gayanīnātha, a follower of the Nātha sect.
  3. She was the power of Lord Viṣṇu.
  4. He was a great haṭhayogi, well-known for his psychic powers.
  5. It means bhajans in Marāthi.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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