Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Nāṭyaśāstra literally means ‘science of dramaturgy’.


Drama, dance and music have been a very ancient and important aspect of the culture. These three together have been dealt with as a common discipline under the name ‘nāṭyaśāstra’.


The main subject of this work is dramaturgy. Bharata names ten forms of drama known as Daśarupaka. He also develops the theory of rasa in poetics. He enumerated figures of speech like:

  1. Upamā - comparison or simile
  2. Rupaka - metaphor
  3. Dīpaka - enlightener
  4. Yamaka - same word with double meaning

He also narrates ten guṇas,[1] ten doṣas[2] and thirty six lakṣaṇas[3] of a poetical composition.


The earliest systematic treatment on this subject is contained in the Nātyaśāstra of Bharata who might have lived during the 2nd or the 3rd century A. D. Nothing is known of him. The work probably had 6000 ślokas or verses distributed in 36 chapters. It has a well-known commentary Abhinavabhāratī of Abhinavagupta which is available only in fragments. Other writers known to have commented upon it are:

  1. Bhaṭṭanāyaka
  2. Harṣa
  3. Kīrtidhara
  4. Lollaṭa
  5. Mātṛguptācārya
  6. Saṅkuka
  7. Udbhaṭa

However none of these are available now.


  1. It means excellences.
  2. It means defects.
  3. It means characteristics.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore