Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Nivṛtti literally means ‘withdrawal’.

Pravṛtti and nivṛtti are the two words often met with in the works on the Vedānta. They mean activism and withdrawal. The path of the gṛhastha or the householder is pravṛttimārga and that of the sanyāsin, the monk, is the nivṛtti-mārga. A householder is actively engaged in several works advocated by the scriptures to fulfill his duties at the personal, the family and the social level. The entire social structure depends upon this activism on his part.

On the other hand, a sanyāsin is expected to spend most of his time in the contemplation on the ātman/Brahman and teach others the path to perfection, out of the fullness of his own experience. For this, he has to give up all other activities which he might have been doing in an earlier stage. This giving up is nivrtti and the path of the sanyāsin is called nivṛttimārga.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

Contributors to this article

Explore Other Articles