From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Nivid literally means ‘to proclaim,’ ‘proclamation mantra’.

In the Somayāgas,[1] the soma juice has to be extracted from the stalks three times a day. They are called:

  1. Prātassavana - It is the pressing done in the morning.
  2. Mādhyandinasavana - It is the pressing done in the noon.
  3. Tṛtīyasavana - It is the pressing done in the evening.

During the last two extractions śastras[2] are recited, nivids being a part of these. They are short mantras consisting of twelve clauses.[3] They declare the names of the deities concerned and are repeated loudly. They are recited by the hotṛ priest.


  1. Somayāgas are the Vedic sacrifices where the soma juice is used.
  2. Śastras means the laudatory hymns.
  3. Aitareya Brāhmana 10.2
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore