From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Pāṭaliputra was a city of great historical significance. It has a varied history associated with it which can be noted under the following:

  • Pāṭaliputra is also known as Pātaligrāma, Pupplapura[1] and Kusumapura.
  • It was an ancient city of great fame.
  • Gautama Buddha seems to have visited it, which was a small village at that time, during Ajātaśatru’s reign and predicted a great future for it.
  • According to Kautilya’s Arthaśāstra[2] it was the greatest city in the East even by the 4th century B. C. It was the capital of the Mauryas and the Śuṅgas.
  • Megasthanies[3] has mentioned that it extended on the bank of the Gañgā, defended by a wooden palisade flanked by 570 bastions and surrounded by a deep wide moat. It had 64 gates in total. It was also the capital of the kingdom of Magadha.
  • Hiuen Tsang[4] has described how the king Kālāśoka made it his metropolis. It has been identified with the modern Patna city.[5]


  1. It is known as Puṣpapura.
  2. He lived in 321 B. C.
  3. He lived in 302-288 B.C.
  4. He lived in A. D. 600-664.
  5. It is the capital of Bihar.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore