From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
By Swami Harshananda
Pañcopacāras literally means ‘the five upacāras or modes of service’.
In pujā or ritualistic worship of a deity, the upacāras or direct modes of offering are important. They may generally be five or ten or sixteen. When they are five, they are called ‘pañcopacāras’.
Five Pujās in Pañcopacāras
The five pujās involved in it are:
- Gandha - sandal-paste
- Puṣpa - flowers along with bilva and tulasī leaves and also durva or grass
- Dhupa - incense
- Dipa - lighted lamp for waving before the deity
- Naivedya - food-offering
- ↑ Pañca means five.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore