Sri Ram Janam Bhoomi Prana Pratishta competition logo.jpg

Sri Ram Janam Bhoomi Prana Pratisha Article Competition winners

Rāmāyaṇa where ideology and arts meet narrative and historical context by Prof. Nalini Rao

Rāmāyaṇa tradition in northeast Bhārat by Virag Pachpore


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Pralaya literally means 'dissolution of the world’.

The scriptures propound the cyclic theory of creation. The cycle of sṛṣṭi,[1] sthiti[2] and laya[3] goes on endlessly. The dissolution, called laya or pralaya, is of four types:

  1. Nitya - Nityapralaya refers to the daily deaths of beings that are born.
  2. Naimittika - Naimittika pralaya is the dissolution that takes place at the end of a day of Brahmā, called ‘kalpa’ which is equivalent to 4.32 billion human years.
  3. Prākṛtika - The prākṛtika pralaya is the dissolution of everything into prakṛti[4] at the end of Brahmā’s life of hundred years equivalent to 1036 human years.
  4. Ātyantika - Ātyantika pralaya actually refers to mokṣa or liberation wherein a jīva is liberated from trans-migratory existence.


  1. Sṛṣṭi means creation.
  2. Sthiti means preservation.
  3. Laya means dissolution.
  4. Prakṛti means the basic matrix of the universe, often identified with the māyā-power of God.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore