From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Pratibandhikalpanā is one of the eleven modes of tarka or logic.

The Nyāya philosophy states that the paramāṇus[1] are without parts but can combine to produce bigger material objects. A Vedāntin raises the objection that a partless paramāṇu can never come into contact with another paramāṇu which is also part-less. The Nyāya-philosopher raises a similar objection regarding Brahman which is all-pervading and hence without parts. Hence how it can come into contact with the objects of this world like pots. This type of raising a counter objection is called pratibandhikalpanā.


  1. Paramāṇus means atoms.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore