Sri Ram Janam Bhoomi Prana Pratishta competition logo.jpg

Sri Ram Janam Bhoomi Prana Pratisha Article Competition winners

Rāmāyaṇa where ideology and arts meet narrative and historical context by Prof. Nalini Rao

Rāmāyaṇa tradition in northeast Bhārat by Virag Pachpore


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Puṇḍra literally means ‘religious mark’.

Popular scriptures like the sectarian Upaniṣads and the purāṇas ordain that every person must wear a puṇḍra or a religious mark on the forehead and also on other parts of the body. This puṇḍra may be tiryakpuṇḍra[1] like the bhasma or vibhuti or urdhvapuṇḍra like the nāma worn by the Vaiṣṇavas[2] or even just a tilaka.[3]


  1. Tiryakpuṇḍra is worn crosswise.
  2. They are the followers of the Viṣṇu sects.
  3. Tilaka means circular mark.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore