Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Pañcācāryas of Śaivism[edit]

Śaivism, especially Vīraśaivism, is said to have been started originally by five great teachers known as Pañcācāryas. They are:

  1. Reṇukā
  2. Marulasiddha
  3. Ekorāma
  4. Viśveśvara
  5. Paṇḍitārādhya

Significance of Reṇukācārya[edit]

Reṇukācārya, also known by other names such as Revaṇasiddha and Piṇyāṅka, was considered as an incarnation of Reṇuka-gaṇeśa, the best among the pramathagaṇas.[1] He is said to have emerged out of the Someśvara-liṅga at Kollipāki in Andhra Pradesh. He toured the whole of the country of Bhārata, specially visiting the places dear to Śiva or dedicated to Śiva like Kāñcīpura and Ujjayinī. He performed many miracles like:

  • Giving wealth to the poor
  • Restoring the eyesight of the blind
  • Feeding a large number of people with a small quantity of food
  • Saving the lives of many women who were to be sacrificed
  • Etc.

He is supposed to have lived for 1400 years. He was the first pontiff of the Vīrasinhāsana monastery at Rambhāpurī in Karnataka State.


  1. It is Śiva’s retinue.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore