By Swami Harshananda
Sañgava literally means ‘when the cows are gathered together for milking’.
Muhurtas of a Day
A day of 24 hours is divided into 30 muhurtas. One muhurta is of 48 minutes. The day-time has 15 muhurtas. This period is divided into five equal parts:
- Prātah or udaya - sunrise
- Saṅgava - milking time
- Madhyāhna - midday
- Aparāhṇa - afternoon
- Sāyāhna - evening
Each of these is of 144 minutes’ or 2 hours and 24 minutes duration.
Significance of Saṅgava
- Prātarhoma is the morning offering of oblations into the sacred fire.
- Vrata means taking certain vows.
- Grhyasutras of Hiraṇyakeśin
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore