By Swami Harshananda
Sapiṇḍa literally means ‘of the same body’.
The dharmaśāstras have stipulated many conditions for the marriage of a boy with a girl, both of marriageable age. One important rule in this series is that they should not be sapiṇḍa. It literally means having the same body-particles. For instance, a father and a son or a daughter, are sapiṇḍa since the particles of the body of the father exist in the bodies of both.
This sapinḍa relationship extends up to seven generations in the lineage of the father and up to five generations in the lineage of the mother. Marriage within this sapiṇḍa relationship is prohibited.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore