From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Satkāryavāda literally means ‘the theory of the effect really existing previously in the cause’.

Since a real effect cannot come out of an unreal cause, this theory put forward by the Sāṅkhya philosophy argues that the effect[1] must have pre-existed[2] in the cause, in a subtle form before manifestation. This is satkāryavāda. This theory is also called ārambhavāda and pariṇāmavāda.


  1. Effect means ‘kārya’.
  2. Pre-existed means ‘sat’.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore