Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Siddhānta literally means ‘an established tenet'.

Meaning of the Word Siddhānta[edit]

In the most general sense, this word means a theory. It has to be established firmly after countering effectively all the doubts and objections raised against it.

Siddhānta as per Nyāya philosophy[edit]

In the Nyāya philosophy,[1] it is classified into four types:

  1. Sarvatantrasiddhānta - It is a dogma of all the schools. It denotes that all the schools accept the existence of the five elements (earth, water etc.).
  2. Pratitantrasiddhānta - It is a dogma peculiar to some school. ‘Something can never come out of nothing.’ This dogma of the Sāṅkhya philosophy is accepted by similar schools but rejected by opposite schools. This is it's philosophy.
  3. Adhi-karaṇasiddhānta - It is a hypothetical dogma. In this siddhānta, acceptance of one fact leads to the acceptance of other facts. For instance, acceptance of the jīva or the soul as the experiencer leads to the acceptance of senses and their respective objects.
  4. Abhyupagamasiddhānta - It is an implied dogma. As per this siddhānta, a tenet which is not explicitly declared as such follows from the examination of particulars concerning it. For example, when it is discussed whether sound is eternal or non-eternal, it presupposes or implies that sound is a substance.

Siddhānta as per Vedāṅga Jyautiṣa[edit]

Special works on religious astronomy and astrology based on the Vedāṅga Jyautiṣa are also called Siddhāntas. They are nine in number:

  1. Brahmasiddhānta\ Somasiddhānta
  2. Suryasiddhānta
  3. Brhas-patisiddhānta
  4. Gargasiddhānta
  5. Nārada-siddhānta
  6. Parāśarasiddhānta
  7. Pulastya-siddhānta
  8. Vasisthasiddhānta

They are the theories put forward by these different sages.


  1. Nyāyasutras 1.1.26 to 31
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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