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From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Characteristics of Suryanārāyaṇa[edit]

Surya, the Sun-god, is said to be pervaded by Viṣṇu or Nārāyaṇa in his aspect as Trivikrama. His characteristics can be described as follows:

  • He is a Vedic deity.
  • He is invoked in the solar orb at the time of the sandhyā ritual.
  • He is visualized as seated on a lotus-seat and is of golden color.
  • He has a beautiful crown on his head, armlets and ear-rings in the form of makaras.[1]
  • He holds the śaṅkha[2] and cakra[3] in his hands.


  1. Makaras means crocodiles.
  2. Śaṅkha means conch.
  3. Cakra means discus.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore