Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Several Buddhist Jātakas[1] refer to Takṣaśilā as the capital of Gāndhāradeśa. The city was famous for its great university. Students from all the varṇas flocked to its portals to study different arts and sciences. Even princes from well-known dynasties studied here. No one was above the strict discipline observed there.

Geographical Location of Takṣaśilā[edit]

Takṣaśilā, the famous center of learning of great antiquity[2] has been identified with the modern Taxila in the Rawalpindi district of Pakistan. It is about 65 kms.[3] to the east of the Indus river.

Takṣaśilā, as per Rāmāyana[edit]

According to the Rāmāyana[4] the city was founded by Bharata in the Gāndhāra country for his son Takṣa and came to be known as Takṣapuṣkala.

Takṣaśilā, as per Mahābhārata[edit]

Janamejaya[5] is said to have performed the serpent-sacrifice here after conquering it.[6]

Academics at Takṣaśilā[edit]

The curriculum included the following subjects:

  1. Vedas
  2. Rituals
  3. Archery
  4. Swordsmanship
  5. Magic
  6. Snake-charming
  7. Recovery of buried treasure
  8. Many other sciences

Admission was difficult. There were no regular syllabus. Expert teachers, with established reputation, taught their students as per their convenience. The students could stay with their teachers or make their own arrangements for boarding and lodging.

Other Specialties[edit]

  • Pāṇini,[7] the famous grammarian and Jīvaka, an expert physician and surgeon of his times, were students of this university.
  • Takṣaśilā was also a commercial center visited by traders from different countries.
  • The city was destroyed by the Huṇas in A. D. 460.


  1. Jātakas are the several stories depicting the past lives of Buddha.
  2. It is generally assigned to the period 400 B. C.
  3. It is approximately 40 miles.
  4. Uttarakānda, Chapter 101
  5. Janamejaya was the son of the king Parīkṣit and great-grandson of Arjuna.
  6. Mahābhārata, Ādiparva, Chapter 3
  7. He lived in 5th century B. C.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore