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From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Tarpaṇa literally means ‘satiating’.

Significance of Tarpaṇa[edit]

Tarpaṇa is one of the items connected with āhnika or daily ritual to be performed by a dvija.[1] It is a part of snāna[2] and the pañcamahāyajñas.

Ritual of Tarpaṇa[edit]

While still standing in water after bathing in a river or tank, one has to offer water thrice taking it in the joined palms of hand, with appropriate mantras, to all the beings of creation from Brahmā[3] to a blade of grass.

Tarpaṇa as per Manusmrti[edit]

Tarpaṇa to devas,[4] pitṛs[5] and ṛṣis[6] is a compulsory part of the daily routine of every brahmacārin.[7] The water may sometimes be mixed with sesame. Such tarpaṇa is said to satiate the gods, manes and sages to whom it is offered.


  1. Dvijas are the twice-born, members of the first three castes.
  2. Snāna means bath.
  3. Brahmā is the creator.
  4. It means gods.
  5. It means manes.
  6. It means sages.
  7. Manusmrti 2.176
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore