From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Tusṭi literally means ‘complacency’.

Types of Tusṭi as per Sānkhyakārikā[edit]

The Sānkhyakārikā[1] of īśvarakṛṣṇa[2] lists nine kinds of tuṣṭi or complacency. Of these, four are ādhyātmika[3] and five are bāhya.[4]

Ādhyātmika Tusṭi[edit]

The ādhyātmika tuṣtis are:

  1. Prakṛtituṣti - The complacency that comes as a result of the teaching of the guru[5] that one is the puruṣa[6] different from prakṛti[7] and yet making no attempt to get release is prakṛtituṣti.
  2. Upādānatuṣṭi - The complacency that comes as a result of adopting monastic life, thinking that it is enough to attain liberation, is upādānatuṣṭi.
  3. Kālatuṣṭi - The complacency that comes out of the conviction that liberation comes automatically in course of time, is kālatuṣṭi.
  4. Bhāgya-tuṣṭi - The complacency that comes as a result of the belief that luck is the real cause of liberation, is bhāgya-tuṣṭi.

Bāhya Tusṭi[edit]

The bāhyatuṣṭis are:

  1. Pāratuṣṭi - Realizing the difficulties involved in the acquisition of wealth and getting detached towards it, is because of pāratuṣṭi.
  2. Supāratuṣṭi - Realizing the troubles involved in protecting one’s wealth and getting detached from it, is supāratuṣṭi.
  3. Parāparatuṣti - Realizing that the wealth acquired by so much trouble gets exhausted very soon by spending it, leading to great worry and thence getting detached from it is parāparatuṣti.
  4. Anuttamāmbhas-tuṣṭi - Realizing that the desire to enjoy the objects of pleasure increases by enjoyment, leading to misery and getting detached from them is anuttamāmbhas-tuṣṭi.
  5. Uttamāmbhas-tusti - Realizing that one is causing injury to others while trying to acquire the objects of pleasure and hence getting detached towards them is uttamāmbhas-tusti.


Absence of these tuṣṭis is an obstacle in the path of kaivalya or liberation.


  1. Sānkhyakārikā verse 50
  2. He lived in circa A. D. 400.
  3. Ādhyātmika literally means concerning the Self.
  4. Bāhya means external, concerning wealth and desire.
  5. Guru means preceptor.
  6. Puruṣa means the Self.
  7. Prakṛti means insentient nature.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore