Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

The Udāṣīs are an ascetic sect of the Sikhs founded by Śrīcand,[1] the elder son of Guru Nānak.[2] The word udāsī is derived from the Sanskrit word udāsin, which means one who is indifferent towards the comforts and attachments of the world. Śrīcand was a devoted Sikh and a saintly person. His object in establishing the order of the Udāsīs was to propagate the mission of his father. Though he was not anointed as the next Guru by his father, he kept an amicable relationship with all the Gurus.

Lineage of Bābā Gurudittā[edit]

Bābā Gurudittā, the eldest son of Guru Hargobind,[3] was sent by the Guru to assist and to succeed Śrīcand. Bābā Gurudittā appointed four head-preachers:

  1. Almast
  2. Phul
  3. Goind or Gonda
  4. Bālu Husnā

They were given his own dress which became the peculiar Udāṣī uniform and also the dhuni[4] from Śrīcand’s dhuni. These four established four new seats of the Udāsī sect. The Udāṣīs proved to be zealous preachers of Sikhism and carried its message to all the corners of the country and beyond. They revered and recited the bāṇī[5] of the Gurus, but retained their separate identity. They took control of the Sikh places of worship and protected them when needed.

Working of Udāsīs[edit]

  • The Udāsīs recruit their followers from all the castes and professions.
  • In their monasteries, the Guru Granthasāhib is recited.
  • They do not subscribe to the Sikh rites and use the bell, conch and gong in religious services.
  • They wear white or ochre or red clothes.
  • There is also one group that goes naked.
  • Having matted hair and smearing the body with ashes are also common.
  • They have built buṅgas[6] around the Harmandir complex in Amritsar.
  • These are also prominent centers of learning, Ayurveda is one of the important subjects taught.

Udāsīs Centers[edit]

The most important centers of this sect in North India are:

  1. The Brahm Butā Akhāḍā and Saṅgalānvālā Akhāḍā at Amritsar
  2. Nirañjaniyā Akhāḍā at Patiala both in Punjab
  3. Pañcaitī Akhāḍā at Hardwar in Uttar Pradesh


  1. Śrīcand lived in A. D. 1494-1629.
  2. He lived in A. D. 1469- 1539.
  3. He lived in A. D. 1595-1644
  4. Dhuni means smoldering embers.
  5. Bāṇī means sayings.
  6. Buṅgas means resthouses.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore