Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Utsava literally means ‘productive of happiness’.

General Usage of The Word Utsava[edit]

In general, the word means a festive occasion, though quite a few fanciful definitions have been offered. Utsava means festivals and sacred days which gradually replace the Vedic sacrifices of the olden days. They are intended to secure the well-being of all the creatures to bring about peace and enable people to get their desires fulfilled. As for the details of the various utsavas or festivals like Gaṇeśacaturthi, Janmāṣṭamī and Rāmanavamī, see under the respective titles.

General Classification of the Utsavas[edit]

Utsavas are a special feature of the temples. They are classified in various ways. The most common classification is as follows:

  1. Nitya - routine festivities conventionally fixed for the whole year, month and day.
  2. Naimittika - festivals or rites connected with occasional events, prescribed to be gone through in special situations like eclipse, fire in the temple campus, epidemics, damage to icons and so on.
  3. Kāmya - festivals conducted to secure the desires of the devotees.

Individual Classifications Per Temple[edit]

There are other types of classifications also. Temple utsavas of a major kind, like the brahmotsava, generally involve the following procedure:

  1. Aṅkurāropa - sowing of sprouts
  2. Dhvajārohaṇa - hoisting of the temple flag to indicate the commencement of the utsava
  3. Bherīnāda - beating the big drum of the temple
  4. Yāga and homa - fire- rituals
  5. Balipradāna - food-offerings
  6. Mahotsava - processions
  7. Tīrthasnāna - bathing the deity in the temple tank
  8. Puṣpayāga - flower-worship
  9. Dhvajāva-rohaṇa - bringing down the flag


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore