From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Vārttā literally means ‘means of living’.

Division of Śāstras[edit]

The tradition divides the śāstras, authoritative texts of religion and culture, into four broad groups:

  1. Trayi - the Vedas
  2. Ānvīkṣikī - logic
  3. Vārttā - economics and politics
  4. Daṇḍanīti - statecraft

Significance of Vārttā[edit]

Vārttā is directly related to the production and distribution of wealth. It is specially assigned to the vaiśyas and they are to be trained to become experts in it. The following are the occupations listed under it:

  1. Agriculture
  2. Rearing of cattle
  3. Trade
  4. Mining
  5. Other vocation that produces wealth and goods


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore