From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Vivid Meanings of Yogakṣema[edit]

As per Rgveda[edit]

The word yogakṣema has been used in the Ṛgveda[1] in the sense of earning wealth[2] and protecting it after earning.[3]

As per Dharmaśāstras[edit]

In the dharmaśāstras the word has been interpreted as iṣṭā or sacrifices for yoga and purta or public works of charity for kṣema. Another meaning is comfortable living.[4]

As per Smṛti[edit]

Some others have declared that it indicates the royal ministers and the royal priest since they bring about the welfare of the nation.[5]

As per Bhagavadgītā[edit]

However, in the well-known verse of the Bhagavadgītā[6] all the commentators agree that yoga means getting what one wants, and kṣema, protecting it.

As per Philosophical Interpretations[edit]

The philosophical interpretation can be attaining God is yoga. Mokṣa or freedom from transmigration is kṣema.


  1. Ṛgveda 10.166.5
  2. Wealth means yoga.
  3. It means kṣema.
  4. Gautama Dharmasutras 9.63
  5. Mitākṣarā, commentary on Yājñavalkya Smṛti 2.119
  6. Bhagavadgītā 9.22
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore