From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Mount Meru is also called as Sumeru. This mountain is described as the axis of the whole world. It is golden in color. It is very bright. Its total height is one lakh yojanas which is approximately 15 lakh kms. or 9 lakh miles. One yojana is 15 kms. or 9 miles.

16 yojanas or 2,40,000 kms. or 1,44,000 miles of Meru mountain is below the earth. 84,000 yojanas or 12,60,000 kms. or 7,56,000 miles of this mountain is above it. It is situated in the center of the Jambudvīpa. Bhāratavarṣa or India is to its south. On its top there is flat plateau of 32.0 yojanas which is approximately 4,80,00 kms. or 2,88,000 miles. The great legends who reside here are:[1][2]

  • Brahmā, the creator
  • Brahmā's mānasaputras[3] like Dakṣa
  • Saptarṣis like Vasiṣṭha

The Kedārnāth mountain in the Garhwal district of Uttaranchal is traditionally believed to be the original Meru. In a japamālā,[4] there is an extra bead fixed perpendicularly to the mālā and above it. This is also called Meru.


  1. Mahābhārata, Vanaparva 162
  2. Bhāgavata 5.16
  3. Mānasaputras means mind-born sons.
  4. Japamālā means rosary.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore