Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.

Śāñkhāyana Grhyasutras

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Significance of Gṛhyasutras[edit]

The Gṛhyasutras are a subsidiary of the Vedānga known as the Kalpasutras. They deal primarily with the rites connected with the home and family-life.

Origin of Śāñkhāyana Gṛhyasutras[edit]

The Śāñkhāyana Gṛhyasutras belongs to the Ṛgveda. It is a fairly long work. There are 1075 sutras accommodated in 96 khaṇdas or sections, which are contained in 6 adhyāyas or chapters.

Content of Śāñkhāyana Gṛhyasutras[edit]

The contents may be briefly summarized as follows:

  • Sacrifices like the pākayajñas and the Darśapurṇamāsa
  • Details of the sanskāras or sacraments like vivāha,[1] puisavana, jātakarma, upanayana, upākarma and so on
  • Duties of a snātaka[2]
  • Building a house and the rituals connected with entering it called as gṛhapraveśa
  • Śrāddhas or obsequial rites
  • Pilgrimage and Vedic sacrificial fire
  • Consecration of wells, ponds, tanks and gardens
  • Prāyaścittas or expiations

For details of these subjects, see under the respective titles.


  1. Vivāha means marriage.
  2. Snātaka is the one who has completed his Vedic education.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore